6

The Most Popular Job Roles In Finance

There is a plethora of jobs in the finance industry. Many finance jobs are centered around several primary professions such as commercial banking and investment banking. Naturally the most common jobs fall within those two categories. Currently, the more popular of the two is investment banking. Consequently, the most popular job roles in finance are positions in the investment banking arena.

Industry coverage is a large area covered by investment bankers who specialize in product groups such as utilities, aerospace, real estate, etc. This group has a group of senior bankers called Managing Directors which are backed by Directors, Vice Presidents and Associates. The managing director will help strategize the next move for the group as it grows and the team usually recruits new graduates into this group quite aggressively.

Corporate finance is an area with the primary function of raising money for corporate ventures. As an analyst in this group, you would be responsible for preparing registrations and attend road shows where investors are sold securities. Debt Capital Markets or Equity Capital Markets originate new issues of bonds or securities. They advise about the best time to issue these new debts or equities. Mergers and Acquisitions is yet another department which is under investment banking. Mergers and acquisitions generate fee income for investment banks. The bank sets up the acquisition even under market conditions that would make the acquisition unfavorable through creative methods that benefit all parties and the bank gets paid handsomely for their effort.

Project Finance help fund the infrastructure of a government or oil capital project, generally funneling funds from one foreign country to another when other options for borrowing have dried up. Trading is a job with which most of us are familiar. It is sales of securities on the stock market floor or from an office. Structured finance, derivatives, advisory, equity and fixed income research and international sales and emerging markets are other jobs that can be performed in investment banking.

Public finance, retail brokerage or stockbroker, institutional sales and ratings analyst are the remaining positions in investment banking. Many of these jobs are more glamorous than the others, but they all pay well. The most popular job roles in finance include any position in investment banking which comes with a hefty salary and many also pay bonuses. Commission often accompanies any position that generates sales to compensate for performance. Ratings analysts command an average annual salary of 68,000 with an average of 5,000 in bonuses. An exceptional employee should expect a higher salary. A managing director in Industry Coverage can command a salary of 130,000 to 220,000 annually. The job you pursue in Investment Banking will be your personal choice. Your compensation will be excellent and hopefully, you will find a home based on your talent and interests.

11

Finance Will Become Lovable Subject For The Learners

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1

Commercial Mortgage Modification

In todays crumbling, commercial real estate market, both borrowers and lenders find themselves in quite a precarious predicament. Borrowers struggle to make their commercial mortgage payments, while lenders are crippled by the increasing number of defaults on commercial property. Right now the best solution to this problem is commercial mortgage modification.

Commercial mortgage modification is the process of renegotiating the terms of a commercial loan. This is done typically by reducing the interest rate or monthly payment on the loan. Other benefits to the borrower may include an extension of the loan term, a forbearance or moratorium on payments, and of course an alternative to foreclosure.

A commercial mortgage modification is about risk to the lender. A lender will only consider a modification if a borrower is in default or at risk of defaulting. The most important thing the lender will look at in determining whether or not to modify a commercial note is cash flow. One very important calculation used in determining cash flow is called the DCR or Debt Coverage Ratio. This ratio is used by the underwriters to determine if a modification can be approved. If a property is breaking even, meaning the income generated is equal to the operating expenses, the DCR would be equal to 1. If commercial property has a positive cash flow, meaning the income the property generates is more than sufficient to cover the mortgage payment and all of the operating expenses, the DCR is greater than 1. If the property is losing money, the DCR would be less than 1. A lender will most likely not modify the commercial note, if the property already has a DCR greater than 1. Commercial lenders writing new commercial loans will most likely require a DCR of 1.25 or greater.

The most common form of payment reduction seen in a commercial mortgage modification is when the lender converts a principal and interest payment to an interest only payment. A lender may consider this form of commercial loan modification to help the borrower improve their cash flow. By only paying the interest on the loan, as opposed to principal and interest, the payment becomes more affordable for the borrower.

However, in extreme circumstances, reducing the mortgage payment to interest only is just not enough for a commercial property owner. If a lender sees that the borrower will still have negative cash flow even after reducing the payment to interest only, they may consider a reduction in the interest rate. Although the interest rate reduction may be temporary, it will help the borrower free up capital and maintain the mortgage payment on time. Although uncommon, lenders have lowered interest rates to as low as 1% even, to avoid an even more costly foreclosure.

14

Great Investment Tips For The Current Recession

With many headwinds threatening to send the US back into a recession, many smart investors are focusing their portfolios on only the income generating stocks and commodities (especially precious metals) that still have room to run.

Many astute economists now admit that the hangover from the financial crisis is still playing out and while many people are panicking and losing money there are many areas of growth out there at the moment. Investors just need to look past all the doom and gloom that is out there and being written in the papers and economic journals.

The 7 best ways to protect yourself from the coming economic troubles include:

1) Focus your efforts on High quality businesses and stocks that have A-Type balance sheets and strong yields.

2) Stocks that only provide reliable dividends and have a proven track record in a weak economic environment.

3) Choosing stocks and bonds that show low debt to equities ratios and high liquid asset ratios currently. This is really companies with good balance sheets and no heavy debts lingering from the financial crisis.

4) Choosing the hard assets such as oil and gas royalties, and similar real estate investments with a long term focus on various income streams.

5) Choosing sectors and companies that have high variable costs, and low risk entries such as utilities, consumers staples and especially health care services.

6) Choosing areas such as high growth potential in the Alternative / Clean energy sectors. Or also sectors that are not heavily reliant on bullish equities markets and volatile market swings.

7) Subscribe to the free trends alert with all the latest and greatest tips for investing in a poor economy at with regular updates from some of the best investing minds and forecasters in the world.

The best thing about a weak economic environment is that good opportunities stick out like a sore thumb. You just have to be on the lookout for them. Do not think that there are limited opportunities out there at the moment. There is an era of very aggressive growth coming when the US recovers from this credit crisis hangover. The best time to ride the coat tails of this booming period is before it happens. That time is right now, when everything is cheap and flat lining.

The best bet is to never put all your eggs in one basket. There are always opportunities out there, and no one ever made lots of money but not diversifying. Investment diversification will be your friend in the next few years at the US and economic situation start to get better.

19

Learn The Dividend Policy In Financial Management

Results Plan in Financial Management

Dividends are those incomes which are distributed among stockholders of a company. These incomes are compensated either in money or in stock, usually on a monthly basis and may be compensated only out of maintained income, not from invested investment. Dividends are only compensated when the corporation’s success can assistance this pay out. The more and frequent the corporation’s success, the frequent the transaction of returns. The amount of dividend compensated for each discuss is determined by the corporation’s policy towards them. Organizations are not required lawfully to pay returns, but to keep the traders interested in the company, the control pays out dividend, though the percentage of returns per discuss can differ from season to season, as it is determined by the success of the company.

There are other aspects also which choose the transaction of dividend in the company. These include corporate amount of development, limited covenants, income stability, degree of financial debt and tax aspects.

Dividend Policy
Dividend Plan is essential in dealing with certain aspects such as:
Influences the investors’ decisions: Community which wants to invest in a company will look for two aspects, the success of the company and the overall amount of development of the company. Earnings will determine the corporation’s dividend payout amount and of course amount of development of the company is also an essential aspect. So, a company seeking excellent investor assistance shall have to choose a dividend policy which can keep the traders happy.

Impact on financial program and investment funds of a company: Results policy is one of the aspects impacting a corporation’s financial and investment funds. The income of a company associated with a quarter or a season are usually taken into consideration. These incomes are either saved as maintained income or they can be compensated out. Retained income are excellent source of generating internal financial. A company cannot in many circumstances save 100% of the income or pay out 100% of the income as returns. Many a times, it needs to reach a balance between dividend payout amount and maintained income amount. The rates can be 50: 50, 60:40, 70:30, etc.

A company cannot afford paying out great dividend rates every season. Instead, it can adopt a low dividend payout amount which can be helpful during the years of low income as well.
High dividend amount will affect the income of the company. Companies with poor assets amount cannot pay out dividends because of less option money.
High dividend amount will decrease the stockholders’ value, since returns are compensated from maintained income. The result is higher financial debt to value amount.

17

India’s Strong Gold Investment

We all know that the glitter of gold can be too hard to resists sometimes. This is why investing in gold has become one of the most profitable transactions that you can make these days. When it comes to choosing the right gold products you surely have where to pick from: 1 kilo gold bar, gold coins, gold bullion, one ounce gold bars, gold funds and so on. The variety of gold investments is daunting, therefore making a choice can become a rather difficult task.

Gold is and has been the preferred investment for Indians especially because the potential price increase and because it is considered a hedge against inflation. Studies show that when the inflation rises with 10 percent, for example, then the process for gold will rise for 30%.

Throughout generations, gold has been one of the most trusted investment vehicles. Taking into consideration that the gold production on a worldwide scale is far below than the demand, gold prices are likely to go up in the months to come. Gold has proved itself to be the only medium of exchange that is absolutely free of credit risk. This is why the trend among investors is to invest at least part of their savings in the precious metal.

Buying gold however, can take numerous forms. One of the most popular ways of investing in gold in India is definitely jewellery. For Indians, owning gold jewellery is a sign of wealth and it gives them the advantage of owning physical gold and also being able to use it for fashion purposes at the same time. Of course, there is a downside to this also: the loss of value due to impurities, the high charges and exchange rates when and if they decide to sell them.

Another gold investment product, which has become quite popular is represented by the gold bar. This is the oldest form of gold preservation and the advantage of this product is that it can be found in various sizes: one ounce gold bar, 1 kilo gold bar, 20 grams gold bar and so on. This gold product offers the satisfaction of holding gold and knowing that you can buy or sell it online at any time. When you own physical gold bars then you need to deposit it in a vault and take out insurance in order to protect your investment.

India, as well as other important economic powers of the world, such as China, have started to invest heavily in gold. Therefore, when you want to make sure that you protect your investments then you have to start doing the same thing.

6

Homeowners Can Get Incredibly Flexible Finance!

There is a combination of a home loan and line of credit that will provide a homeowner with all the finance he needs. Since the duration of home loans are extremely long, flexibility is essential because many things can happen in 30 years. Your needs will change over time and so should your source of financing.

The problem of flexibility of mortgage loans was already solved by a home loan type that adapts to the borrowers needs. However, if the borrower wanted additional cash for some unexpected expenses, there was no solution provided by these loans. Thats why a combination of home loan and home equity line of credit is the best option for ultimate flexibility.

Option Mortgage Loans

The first part of this Loan Combo is the mortgage loan. The idea of these loans is that while for a certain situation a fixed interest rate mortgage loan would be the best option for you, you may have to go through difficult times eventually and you would prefer an interest only mortgage loan then. And perhaps, later your financial situation would improve and you would prefer to take advantage of better market conditions with a variable rate mortgage loan.

Normally you would have to refinance your loan many times over the life of a 30 years home loan in order to do all the above. But Option Mortgage Loans let you choose the set of rules that will apply to your loan each time you pay your mortgage installment. That way, if you go through some hardship you can pay only the interests and postpone the payment of principal. Or if you run into extra income you can choose to pay off your home loan sooner.

Home Equity Line of Credit

A home equity line of credit will complement an Option Mortgage Loan by providing additional finance each time you are in need of cash. So, if you suddenly find yourself in a complicated financial situation, you can not only reduce your monthly payments by changing your mortgage loan to an interest only home loan but you can also get extra cash by withdrawing money from your home equity line of credit.

The home equity line of credit is secured on your home, thus both the mortgage and the line of credit have the same security. A property worth $150,000 can easily provide you with a line of credit of $50,000 if your outstanding mortgage is $100,000. As you can see, its an excellent option for solving your finance issues for many years. You wont need to resort to any other source of finance again.

The main benefit of these lines of credit is that while you repay the money withdrawn, the cash will be available again right away if you need it again. Thus, you wont have to apply for a loan each time you need cash. Moreover, the interest rate charged for these loan products is significantly lower than that of personal loans and credit cards.

11

Dubai To Pass A New Law Protecting Investment In Property

The new law will allow anyone who has made an investment in property in the emirate to receive a full refund if a property developer fails to deliver an off-plan property on time. Other occasions in which investors can request to be compensated include breach of warranty and fraud.
The plans for the new law came to light in June when a draft was published. This early version of the law has undergone amendments after a consultation process. Majida Ali Rashid, director of planning and organisational development at DLD, explained that the public and interested parties, which were included in the talks, brought several suggestions to the table.

Boost to investor interest

The final version, which is now being drawn up, will ensure that interested parties are less exposed to risk when it comes to investment in property in Dubai. With the new law, investors receive extra protection in situations where they have suffered from a developers inability to keep the terms of the agreement. This will most probably give a boost to Dubais property market, aiding the recovery which has recently been seen after the market crashed in
2008 following the global economic crises.

Dubai is a country which has attracted serious global interest for investment in property. Over the last decade the country has launched some of the most ambitious infrastructural and development projects in the world such as Dubai Marina, Jumeirah Lakes Towers, Palm Jumeirah and The World Islands. These and other projects have had property investors salivating. According to the emirates Real Estate Regulatory Agency (RERA), Dubai is currently home to 3,094 registered real estate brokers. Nearly 50 percent of this number comes from UAE (620), with Indians (438) and Pakistanis (428) also well represented. Britain comes fourth with 304 brokers.

And with the new protection measures Dubai will become even more attractive destination for property investors across the world, creating a safe and fertile ground for whatever spectacular project developers in the emirate dream up next.

17

Sample letter for loan modification demystified

When you are faced with financial hardship and you want to write an effective letter for loan modification, there are some basic rules you need to abide with for your application to be accepted. I have drafted here a sample letter for loan modification. Start the letter by writing your name, loan number, contact address, phone number, and may be your email address. Then in the body of the letter: To Whom It May Concern I’m writing this hardship letter to you in order to explain the reasons behind my requesting for a loan modification on my mortgage payments. I made my last payment just before August last year, since then I was not able to make any other payment on my monthly mortgage, reason is because of my husband terminal illness with gulp huge amount of money from our treasury since then it become increasingly difficult for me to handle alone. I am requesting for an interest reduction down to YX% from my current XX%. I feel it is a fair percentage for you, and this will be within my means. Prior to husband illness, both of us have been making enough to carter for our mortgage. Even when our interest rate rose to XX% we had no difficulty paying it. However, since the illness, I was left with half of the monthly income I had before. I had been pulling together enough to pay the bills and mortgage by pulling from our savings and the small amount of life insurance I received, but I can not cope for now that is why I requested for loan modification option from you. Without you lowering my interest rate, I won’t be able to afford the monthly payments. I have to make a choice between a loan modification and a foreclosure. I prefer the former far better than the later, and you probably would as well. YX% is the most I can afford now, even if I cut all of my expenses out of the picture. Please consider my application seriously and I hope to hear more from you on this matter soonest. Sincerely, Your Name (with date) You will notice that this letter is simple but straight to the point, it explain the circumstances of the loan seeker and her ideal interest rate based on her present income, she also showcase seriousness, she also let the lender know she would like to still maintain her home, the letter also pleads a good case for the lender, your lender must be aware of your choice between modification and foreclosure, although your lender may lose money on loan modification but it can not be compared with foreclosure, if you get all your facts, numbers and story straight you can put up a compelling hardship letter. Further more, for essential tips and facts on how to get quicker approval on your loan modification, I have done some research on this for you, visit for updated information.

5

Loan Modification Alert Countrywide tightens Loan Modification

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.”>Homeowners hoping to get a loan modification with Countrywide may want to rethink their options. Countrywide Financial, best known for excessive lending practices that led to widespread defaults, now has so much bad debt on its books that it may have to tighten up its loan modification service.

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.